History's October 12
    1999 Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
    1999 The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
    1999 Pat LaFontaine formally retires from the NHL due to lingering concussion problems
    1997 David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club
    1997 Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship
    1997 Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
    1995 "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 46 performances
    1994 Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken
    1994 Iranian Fokker F28 explode between Isfahan & Teheran: 66 killed
    1993 "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 48 performances
    1993 MLB American League Championship: Toronto Blue Jays beat Chicago White Sox, 4 games to 2
    1992 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
    1992 Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets
    1992 Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
    1992 Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
    1992 Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany NY (WQBK 103.5 & 103.9 FM)
    1992 Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life)
    1992 Wash Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
    1991 Boxer Hector Comacho arrested for driving while getting oral sex
    1991 Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
    1991 Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
    1991 Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
    1991 Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime
    1990 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1990 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 4 games to 2
    1989 Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players
    1989 Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
    1988 George W H Bush & Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate
    1988 Israel & China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
    1988 MLB National League Championship: Los Angeles Dodgers beat New York Mets, 4 games to 3
    1988 Pope John Paul II is the target of anti-papal heckling by Protestant leader Ian Paisley at a European Parliament meeting in Strasbourgh, France
    1987 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William Jr wins
    1987 Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant
    1987 Oscar Arias (Costa Rican Pres) wins Nobel Peace Prize
    1987 MLB American League Championship: Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 1
    1987 George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"
    1986 California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox
    1986 Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, visit the People's Republic of China
    1985 Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for maintenance of STS 61A mission
    1985 Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
    1985 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1984 IRA bombs hotel where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die
    1983 5225 Loral & 5424 Covington
    1982 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)
    1982 Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor gets World series record 5 hits
    1981 "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 48 performances
    1981 15th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones wins
    1980 "Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador NYC after 149 performances
    1980 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat & Tears concert in LA
    1980 Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
    1980 MLB National League Championship: Philadelphia Phillies beat Houston Astros, 3 games to 2
    1979 Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa
    1979 The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
    1978 Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington
    1978 Sid Vicious charged with murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen
    1977 "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
    1977 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
    1977 Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
    1977 US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
    1976 4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach & land test (ALT) flight
    1976 Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Zedong as chairman of Communist Party
    1976 MLB National League Championship: Cincinnati Reds beat Philadelphia Phillies, 3 games to 0
    1975 Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
    1975 Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19)
    1975 NASA launches space vehicle S-195
    1974 1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
    1973 Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
    1973 Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP
    1972 "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 2 performances
    1972 46 sailors injured in race riot on American aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk
    1972 Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
    1972 Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
    1972 MLB American League Championship: Oakland Athletics beat Detroit Tigers, 3 games to 2
    1971 "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 711 performances
    1970 Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
    1969 1st time 5 people in space
    1969 KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN
    1969 KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins
    1969 Soyuz 7 is launched
    1968 "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore NYC after 17 performances
    1968 19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico
    1968 Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
    1968 Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
    1967 St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series
    1966 Jimi Hendrix Experience forms with Jimi Hendrix, Noel Redding & Mitch Mitchell
    1964 1st time 3 people in space
    1964 KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, CA (PBS) begins
    1964 Launch of Voskhod 1, first 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
    1964 WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
    1964 WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
    1963 "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 16 performances
    1963 Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
    1963 At 4 am, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck
    1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1962 US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
    1962 Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
    1961 "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
    1961 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1960 Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
    1960 JFK & Richard Nixon's third presidential debate
    1960 Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bangs his shoe on his desk at UN General Assembly session
    1959 At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
    1958 CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
    1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
    1958 WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
    1957 "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
    1957 "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 performances
    1957 First commercial flight between California & Antarctica
    1957 Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
    1956 Marga Klompe becomes first Dutch women elected minister
    1955 -13] Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
    1953 US & Greece sign peace treaty (US bases)
    1952 Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
    1952 KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
    1950 "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances
    1948 Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
    1944 German army retreats from Athens
    1943 US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
    1942 Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
    1942 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
    1941 Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
    1935 Cole Porters musical "Jubilee" premieres in NYC
    1933 Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
    1933 John Dillinger escapes from jail in Allen County, Ohio
    1933 Gangster George Francis Barnes, aka Machine Gun Kelly, is sentenced to life imprisonment
    1931 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
    1929 Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
    1928 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
    1927 Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
    1925 Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
    1925 German-Russian trade agreement signed
    1924 Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
    1923 NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series
    1920 Cleve Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
    1920 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
    1920 Man O'War's last race & win
    1920 Soccer team Quick '20 forms
    1918 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
    1917 The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
    1916 Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
    1915 Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves with dual nationalities
    1915 Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
    1914 The First Battle of Ypres begins
    1913 John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robinson blames McGraw & is fired
    1907 Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
    1903 Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
    1901 Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion" "The White House"
    1900 The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland
    1899 South Africa Boer Republic declares war on Britain
    1898 Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
    1892 US Pledge of Allegiance first recited in public schools during Columbus Day
    1891 Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
    1886 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
    1886 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
    1881 Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
    1879 British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
    1872 Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
    1871 US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
    1862 Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi
    1862 Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
    1862 JEB Stuart completes his "second ride around Mcclellan"
    1861 Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
    1860 British & French troops capture Beijing
    1859 Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edit abolishing the US Congress
    1854 Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
    1853 John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
    1850 First women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
    1836 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater, NY
    1833 Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
    1823 Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
    1822 Second eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
    1815 Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
    1798 Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
    1798 Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Lager" premieres in Weimar
    1792 First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
    1776 British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
    1773 America's first asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
    1730 Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
    1729 Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
    1711 Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
    1659 English "Rump" Parliament dimisses John Lambert & other generals
    1654 The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
    1609 Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice" published in London
    1576 Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
    1549 John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
    1518 Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
    1509 Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
    1504 Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
    1492 Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
    1492 Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
    1459 Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
    1398 The Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
    1366 King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
    1285 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
    1279 Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
    1216 King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
    1165 Rambam reaches Jerusalem
    642 John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
    638 Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
    539 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
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