History's July 21
    2015 HistoryOrb.com becomes OnThisDay.com
    2014 After 3 weeks, the Israeli Defense Force (IDF) has struck about 2,800 targets in Gaza, while Gaza has fired 1,497 rockets at Israel
    2013 100th Tour de France won by Chris Froome of Great Britain
    2013 142nd British Golf Open: Phil Mickelson shoots a 281 at Muirfield Golf Links
    2013 15 Egyptian Army soldiers are killed after their bus crashes into a truck on the Mediterranean Coast Highway
    2013 12 people are killed in a clash between two Muslim families in Lanao del Sur, Philippines
    2011 NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135.
    2011 44th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at San Diego Convention Center
    2008 Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadži? is arrested in Serbia and is indicted by the UN's ICTY tribunal.
    2007 Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the series by J. K. Rowling is published worldwide. 11 million copies sell in 24 hrs
    2005 Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.
    2004 The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces.
    2002 131st British Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 278 at Muirfield Golf Links
    2002 Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
    1997 The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday, setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
    1997 NY Yank Mike Whiton held in Milwaukee on charges of sexual assault
    1996 125th British Golf Open: Tom Lehman shoots a 271 at Royal Lytham
    1996 Dottie Pepper wins LPGA Friendly's Golf Classic
    1996 Wayne Gretzky signs a 2 year deal with NY Rangers
    1996 "The Daily Show" hosted by Craig Kilborn premieres on Comedy Central in the US
    1996 83rd Tour de France won by Bjarne Riis of Denmark
    1995 KC Royals set club-record of 22 singles in 15 innings
    1995 Brian Lara completes a pair for West Indians v Kent
    1994 Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997.
    1993 Angela Kennedy swims world record 50 m butterfly stroke (26.93)
    1991 Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
    1991 120th British Golf Open: Ian Baker-Finch shoots 272 at Royal Birkdale
    1991 Sharmell Sullivan (Gary Indiana), 20, crowned 23rd Miss Black America
    1991 Ferguson Jenkins, Gaylord Perry, Rod Carew, Tony Lazzeri, & Bill Veeck are elected into the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY
    1990 Pink Floyds' "Wall" is performed where Berlin Wall once stood
    1990 Goodwill Games opens in Seattle Wash
    1989 Mike Tyson KOs Carl Williams in 1:33 for heavyweight boxing title
    1989 Eastern Airlines submits a reorganization plan to creditors
    1988 ESA's Ariane-3 launches 2 communications satellites (1 Indian)
    1988 Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis accepts Democratic nomination for president
    1987 Kristi Addis, of Mississippi, crowned 5th Miss Teen USA
    1986 Pleasure Island plans unveiled
    1986 Barbara Palacios Teyde, 22, of Venezuela, crowned 35th Miss Universe
    1985 Judy Clark wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
    1985 "Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 performances
    1985 114th British Golf Open: Sandy Lyle shoots a 282 at Royal St George
    1985 Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America
    1985 72nd Tour de France won by Bernard Hinault of France
    1984 Marita Koch of E Germany sets world women's mark for 200m, 21.71s
    1984 USSR performs underground nuclear Test
    1983 US announces Lebanon freed American hostage David Dodge
    1983 Storm cuts short Diana Ross' free concert in NY's Central Park
    1983 Polish government ends 19 months of martial law
    1982 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
    1981 Australia set 130 to win, all out 111 at Headingley Willis 8-43
    1980 Jean-Claude Droyer climbs Eiffel Tower in 2 hrs 18 mins
    1979 108th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 283 at Royal Lytham
    1979 National Women's Hall of Fame (Seneca Falls, NY) dedicated
    1978 Bolivia military coup under general Juan Pereda, president Hugo Banzer flees
    1978 World's strongest dog, 80-kg St Bernard, pulls 2909-kg load 27 m
    1978 US Postal Service & unions agree on a contract averting mail strike
    1977 Libyan-Egyptian border fights
    1977 Sri Lanka premier Bandaranaike loses election
    1976 1st outbreak of "Legionnaire's Disease" kills 29 in Philadelphia
    1976 "Guys & Dolls" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 239 performances
    1976 Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
    1976 Christopher Ewart Biggs (the British Ambassador to Ireland) and his secretary Judith Cook are assassinated by a bomb planted in Mr Biggs' car in Dublin
    1976 9th San Diego Comic-Con International opens at El Cortez Hotel
    1975 NY Met Félix Millán hits 4 singles; erased by Joe Torres 4 double plays
    1975 Billy Martin fired as Texas Rangers manager
    1974 29th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Haynie
    1974 61st Tour de France won by Eddy Merckx of Belgium
    1974 US House Judiciary approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon
    1973 USSR launches Mars 4 for fly-by (2600 km) of red planet
    1973 Braves Hank Aaron hits Ken Brett's fastball for his 700th HR
    1973 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Atoll un the Pacific
    1972 2 passenger trains collide head-on killing 76 (Seville, Spain)
    1972 27.5 cm rainfall at Fort Ripley, Minnesota (state record)
    1972 Bloody Friday: within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast; six civilians, two British Army soldiers and one UDA volunteer were killed, 130 injured
    1972 Dodgers release & end career of pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm
    1972 In New York 57 murders occur in 24 hours
    1971 Sam Giancana returns to the United States after spending seven years of exile in Mexico
    1971 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
    1970 Clay Kirby has a no-hitter going for 8 inn, but is lifted for a pinch hitter, Reliever Jack Baldschun gives up 3 hits & Padres lose, 3-0
    1970 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1970 Libya orders confiscation of all Jewish property
    1970 Huge Aswan Dam opens in Egypt
    1969 Neil Armstrong steps on Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT)
    1969 Russia's Luna 15 impacts moon after 52 lunar orbits
    1968 50th PGA Championship: Julius Boros shoots a 281 at Pecan Valley TX
    1968 55th Tour de France won by Jan Janssen of Netherlands
    1968 Carol Mann wins LPGA Buckeye Savings Golf Invitational
    1966 Gemini X returns to Earth
    1966 USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1965 Pakistan, Iran & Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact
    1964 Arnold Long takes 11 catches in the match for Surrey v Sussex
    1964 Race riots in Singapore between Chinese and Malay groups, 23 killed, 454 injured
    1964 Last Dutch whaling ship Willem Barents Sea sold to Japan
    1964 Mildred Simpson runs female world record marathon (3:19:33)
    1963 45th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 279 at Dallas AC Dallas
    1962 Battles on Chinese & Indies boundary
    1962 160 civil right activists jailed after demonstration in Albany Ga
    1961 Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom
    1960 Country of Katanga forms in Africa
    1960 In Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) Sirima Bandaranaike is world's 1st woman PM
    1960 Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing
    1959 Red Sox are last team to use a black player (Pumpsie Green)
    1959 1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ
    1957 1st black to win a major US tennis tournament (Althea Gibson)
    1957 39th PGA Championship: Lionel Hebert at Miami Valley GC Dayton Ohio
    1957 Marilynn Smith/Fay Crocker wins Hot Springs 4-Ball Golf Tournament
    1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak
    1956 Cin Red pitcher Brooks Lawrence loses after 13 straight wins
    1955 USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor
    1954 At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam
    1952 Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns
    1952 7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed
    1951 Dalai Lama returns to Tibet
    1949 Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
    1948 WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
    1947 Indonesia begins 1st political election
    1946 Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor
    1945 Detroit Tigers & Phila A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie
    1944 General Koiso becomes premier of Japan
    1944 US forces land on Guam to get rid of Japanese invaders
    1944 Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy
    1944 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery
    1942 8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Va
    1941 Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp
    1941 200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine
    1940 VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands
    1940 Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania
    1938 Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London
    1934 113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record)
    1933 Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens
    1931 Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering
    1930 110°F (43°C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record)
    1930 US Veterans Administration forms
    1925 "Monkey Trial" ends - John Scopes found guilty of teaching Darwinism
    1923 Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4
    1921 To prove his contention that air power is superior to sea power, US Colonel William Mitchell demonstrates how bombs from planes can sink a captured German battleship
    1921 Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles
    1920 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
    1919 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam
    1919 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill)
    1918 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
    1917 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
    1915 Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly'
    1913 The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law
    1904 After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed
    1904 Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH
    1900 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
    1898 Spain cedes Guam to USA
    1897 Tate Gallery opens in England
    1896 National Federation of Afro-American Women & Colored Women's
    1896 20th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Harold Mahony beats W Baddeley (6-2 6-8 5-7 8-6 6-3)
    1896 13th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Charlotte Cooper beats A Pickering (6-2 6-3)
    1884 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's
    1880 Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
    1877 -27] US army breaks railroad strike
    1873 Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)
    1867 City Gardens on Folsom opens
    1866 Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
    1865 In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
    1861 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins
    1846 Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
    1836 1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie & St John, Quebec
    1831 Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king
    1825 Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics
    1798 Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt
    1774 Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
    1773 Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits
    1749 Pieter Steyn becomes pension advisor of Holland
    1730 States of Holland put death penalty on "sodomy"
    1718 The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
    1669 John Locke's Constitution of English colony Carolina approved
    1595 Alvara Mendana discovers Marquesas Island
    1588 First engagement between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada off the Eddystone Rocks
    1579 Mechelen surrenders to Duke of Parma
    1568 Battle at Jemmingen: Alva's troops beat Dutch rebellion
    1545 The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs.
    1542 Pope Paul III begins inquisition against Protestants (Sactum Officium)
    1403 Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
    976 Emperor Otto II gives earl Leopold I, East Bavaria
    905 Holy Roman Catholic emperor Louis III captured
    866 John appointed bishop of the kingdom
    365 Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria
    356 BC Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
    285Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar and co-ruler.
    285 Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler.
    230 St Pontianus begins his reign as Catholic Pope
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