History's August 23
    2013 50 people are killed in mosque bombings in Tripoli, Lebanon
    2013 26 people are killed and 55 are injured by a suicide bombing in Baghdad, Iraq
    2013 UN inspectors are stopped by Syrian government from investigating a reported site of a chemical massacre
    2012 At least 30 are killed as a result of monsoon rain in Rajasthan, India
    2012 Four people are killed and 28 injured in a hot air ballooning accident in Slovenia
    2011 Libyan leader Muammar al-Gaddafi is overthrown after the National Transitional Council forces take control of Bab al-Azizia compound during the Libyan Civil War.
    2011 5.8 earthquake occurrs in Mineral, Virginia felt as far north as Ontario and as far south as Atlanta, Georgia
    2010 Manila hostage crisis, which occurred at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, where a dismissed police officer took hostage a tour bus full of Chinese nationals.
    2009 12th World Championships in Athletics close at Berlin, Germany
    2006 Natascha Kampusch, who was abducted at the age of 10, managed to escape from her captor Wolfgang Priklopil, after 8 years of captivity.
    2005 TANS Peru Flight 204 crashes near Pucallpa, Peru, killing 41.
    2005 Hurricane Katrina first forms over the Bahamas, later becoming a category 5 hurricane
    2003 9th World Championships in Athletics open at Saint-Denis, France
    2000 Nicaragua becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. This essentially deprecated the Buenos Aires Convention treaty, because as of this date, all members of the BA Convention were also signatories to Berne.
    2000 A Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashes into the Persian Gulf near Manama, Bahrain, killing 143.
    1996 Osama bin Laden issues message entitled 'A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places.'
    1995 Actor Larry Hagman receives a liver transplant
    1995 Indians' Jose Mesa sets record with his 38th consecutive save
    1993 Fred McGriff & David Justice are 6th to hit back-to-back HRs twice in same game
    1993 NY Dow Jones index reaches record high of 3,638.96 points
    1992 Wilhelm Verwoerd, grandson of former South African Prime Minister, Hendrik Verwoerd, main architect of apartheid, joins the African National Congress
    1992 Kris Tschetter wins LPGA Northgate Computer Golf Classic
    1992 Dennis Eckersley, who previously set record for most consecutive saves (40), is 1st pitcher to record 40 saves in 4 different seasons
    1991 3rd World Championships in Athletics open at Tokyo, Japan
    1990 Armenia declares independence
    1990 US begins call up of 46,000 reservists to the Persian Gulf
    1990 East & West Germany announced that they would unite on Oct 3
    1989 Lewis/Everett/Burrell/Heard run world record 4x200 m (1:19.38)
    1989 LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos, 1-0, in 22 innings (Rick Dempsey HR)
    1988 Mike Tyson & Mitch Green brawl at 4 A.M. in Harlem
    1987 Betsy King wins Atlantic City LPGA Golf Classic
    1987 Violent rainfall/floods in Bangladesh, kills 100s
    1987 15-year old boy hijacks KLM B737, demands $1 billion
    1986 Vrijkomend vulkaangas kills 1500 people in Nyos-more, Cameroon
    1986 "Rags" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 4 performances
    1985 Paul Hornung awarded $1,160,000 by a Louisville court against NCAA who barred him as a college football analyst for betting on games
    1985 West German top counter espionage Hans Tiedge moves to German DR
    1985 South African attorney/UDF leader "Dulah" Omar arrested
    1985 Said Aouita of Morocco sets 1.5k record (3:29.46) in Berlin
    1982 Seattle Mariner pitcher Gaylord Perry ejected for throwing a spitter
    1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
    1982 Lebanese falangist leader Bechir Gemayel elected as president
    1981 Beth Daniel wins LPGA World Championship of Women's Golf
    1980 Charlie Finley sells A's for $127M to Haas (owners of Levi Strauss)
    1979 Iranian army opens offensive against Kurds
    1979 Bolshoi Ballet dancer Alexander Godunov defects in NYC
    1979 UN's Vienna office opens
    1978 Iranian students occupies Iranian embassy at Wassenaar
    1977 Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR
    1977 1st man-powered flight of a mile (Bryan Allen in Gossamer Condor)
    1976 Heavy earthquake strikes China, 1,000s die
    1975 Classical Way wins Championship Cup at Roosevelt Raceway
    1975 Communists take over Laos
    1975 Ethiopian junta under Mengistu Haile
    1975 Free guitarist Paul Kossoff revived from dead after heart attack
    1975 Philip Kapleau conducts 1st jukai ceremony in Poland
    1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
    1974 Zaheer Abbas scores 240 Pakistan v England at The Cricket Oval
    1974 John Lennon reports seeing a UFO in NYC
    1973 Intelsat communications satellite launched
    1972 Chicago's Dick Allen is 4th (Jimmie Foxx, Hank Greenberg, & Alex Johnson) to homer into Comiskey Park's center field bleachers
    1972 4 civilians and 1 British soldier are injured in separate overnight shooting incidents in North Ireland
    1972 Republican convention (Miami Beach, Fla) renominates VP Agnew but not unanimous-1 vote went to NBC newsman David Brinkley)
    1971 WGTU TV channel 29 in Traverse City, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
    1970 Kathy Ahern wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
    1970 Roberto Clemente compiles his record 2nd straight 5-hit game
    1969 30th Venice Film Festival opens
    1969 Audrey McElmory (US) wins World Cycling Championships, Brno
    1969 France's Une De Mai wins International Trot at Roosevelt Raceway Czechoslovakia (1st American to win cycling race title since 1912)
    1968 Yanks & Tigers play 3-3 tie in 19 due to 1 AM curfew
    1968 Ringo quits Beatles over a disagreement, temporarily
    1966 Lunar Orbiter 1 takes 1st photograph of Earth from Moon
    1964 St Louis Cards are 11 games back in NL, & win World Series
    1964 Marilynn Smith wins Albuquerque Professional Amateur Golf Tournament
    1963 Beatles release "She Loves You" in UK
    1963 Ringo admits he wrote a song "Don't Pass Me By"
    1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1962 1st Europe-US live TV program (via Telstar)
    1961 US lunar probe Ranger 1 reaches 190 km from Earth, falls back
    1961 East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin
    1961 Belgium sends troops to Rwanda-Urundi
    1960 World's largest frog (3.3 kg) caught (Equatorial Guinea)
    1959 20th Venice Film Festival: "The Great War" directed by Mario Monicelli and "General della Rovere" directed by Roberto Rossellini jointly awarded Golden Lion
    1959 Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Spokane Golf Open
    1958 Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
    1958 Marie Ashton completes playing piano a female record 133 hours
    1958 China PR resumes fire on Quemoi & Matsoe
    1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1955 Betty Jameson wins LPGA White Mountain Golf Open
    1954 President Getulio Vargas of Brazil resigns temporarily
    1954 First flight of the C-130 Hercules transport aircraft.
    1953 USSR performs nuclear test
    1953 Phil Grate sets record for throwing a baseball (443'3")
    1953 Dutch DC-6 crashes near Ymuiden in North Sea, 21 die
    1953 Cyclist Arie Van Vliet becomes world champion sprinter
    1953 Braves Phil Paine is 1st former major leaguer to play in Japan
    1953 KBAK TV channel 29 in Bakersfield, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
    1952 Giants Bob Elliott is ejected for arguing a strike, Bobby Hoffman completes his bat, he strikes out & is also ejected for arguing
    1952 Arab League security pact goes into effect
    1950 Jack Holden wins marathon (2:32:12)
    1950 West Germany & Japan readmitted to Intl Amateur Athletic Federation
    1948 World Council of Churches formed by 147 churches from 44 countries
    1948 Earl Bernadotte asks aid for fugitives to Palestine
    1947 US President Truman's daughter, Margaret's 1st public singing concert
    1947 8th Venice Film Festival opens (first since the start of World War II)
    1946 "The Big Sleep" directed by Howard Hawks and starring Humphrey Bogart (Philip Marlowe) and Lauren Bacall first premieres
    1946 Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein.
    1946 13th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Los Angeles 0 (97,380)
    1944 General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower
    1944 94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt
    1944 Allied troops capture Marseilles, France
    1944 General George Leclercs troops advance towards Paris
    1944 Romania liberated from Nazi occupation
    1944 Sammellager Drancy freed
    1944 US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine
    1944 US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed
    1944 King Michael of Romania ordered his forces to cease fire against Allies & dismissed the pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu
    1943 Red army recaptures Charkow during WWII
    1942 British Premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Cairo
    1942 Walter Johnson pitches to Babe Ruth in pregame attraction that draws 69,000 for NY-Wash game (raises $80,000 for Army-Navy relief
    1942 Battle of Stalingrad: 600 Luftwaffe planes bomb Stalingrad (40,000 die)
    1942 1st US flights to land on Guadalcanal
    1942 World War II: The last cavalry charge in history takes place at Izbushensky.
    1940 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands dismisses premier De Geer
    1940 German Luftwaffe begins night bombing on London
    1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: Eastern Europe divided between Hitler & Stalin
    1939 USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact
    1939 John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats
    1938 "You Can’t Take It With You" from the play by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, directed by Frank Capra and starring James Stewart and Jean Arthur premieres. Best Picture (1939)
    1938 England score 7-903 decl v Australia Hutton 364
    1936 17 year old Bob Feller's 1st game, he strikes out 15 St Louis Browns
    1933 Mahatma Gandhi released from Indian jail following yet another hunger strike
    1933 1st TV boxing match - Archie Sexton & Laurie Raiteri in London
    1931 Count Gyula Károlyi becomes premier of Hungary
    1931 Phila A's Lefty Grove, loses 1-0 (Browns) after winning 16 straight
    1930 44th U.S. Women's National Championship: Betty Nuthall Shoemaker beats Anna McCune Harper (6-1, 6-4)
    1930 1st British Empire Games close in Hamilton, Canada
    1929 Arabs attack Jews in Israel
    1926 40th U.S. Women's National Championship: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats Elizabeth Ryan (4-6, 6-4, 9-7)
    1924 Mars' closest approach to Earth since 10th century
    1923 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
    1921 British declare a truce with Irish Nationalists Sinn Fein
    1921 Austria and the US formally end war; the US does the same with Germany on the 25th, and Hungary on the 29th
    1920 M R Rinehart & A Hopwood's "Bat" premieres in NYC
    1919 "Gasoline Alley" cartoon strip premieres in Chicago Tribune
    1917 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
    1916 Military court of Berlin sentences Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
    1915 Tsar Nicolaas II takes control of Russian Army
    1914 -24] German troops plunder Belgium
    1914 Battle at Mons: general von Klucks troops beat Britten
    1914 Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium
    1914 Japan declares war on Germany in World War I
    1911 British premier Asquith holds secret meeting about British strategy in case of war with Germany
    1910 Fred Clarke makes a record 4 outfield assists for Pittsburgh
    1907 Pitts Howie Camnitz no-hits NY Giants, 1-0 in 5 inning game
    1906 Cuba's 1st president Tomés Estrada Palma asks for US intervention
    1906 Chicago White Sox win 19th straight, beating Wash Senators
    1904 Automobile tire chain patented
    1903 6th Zionist Congres, Theodor Herzl declares Jewish state
    1900 National Negro Business League organizes (Boston)
    1897 17th U.S. Men's National Championship: Robert Wrenn beats Wilberforce Eaves (4-6, 8-6, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2)
    1896 First Cry of the Philippine Revolution is made in Pugad Lawin (Quezon City), in the province of Manila.
    1889 1st ship-to-shore wireless message received in US (SF)
    1883 Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks & & passballs count as errors prior to 1888)
    1879 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
    1873 Albert Bridge creossing Thames opens
    1872 1st Japanese coml ship visits SF, carrying tea
    1869 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
    1866 Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
    1864 Union troops/fleet occupy Fort Morgan, Alabama
    1862 Skirmish at Big Hill, Kentucky (2 Federal regiments)
    1850 1st US National Women's Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts
    1839 British capture Hong Kong from China
    1838 Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Mass) 1st graduating class
    1821 Mexico declares independence
    1813 Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
    1799 Napoleon leaves Egypt for France en route to seize power.
    1796 African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated
    1784 Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state & name it Franklin; a year later the Continental Congress rejects it
    1711 Admiral Hovenden Walkers fleet reach St Lawrence
    1708 Meidingnu Pamheiba is crowned King of Manipur.
    1617 1st one-way streets open (London)
    1614 University of Groningen opens
    1595 Michael the Brave confronts the Ottoman army in the Battle of Calugareni.
    1582 French van Valois pays tribute to earl of Flanders
    1566 Beeldenstorm reaches Amsterdam
    1566 Land guardian Margaretha van Parma grants Calvinists rights
    1555 Calvinists are granted rights in the Netherlands.
    1553 Bishop Stephen Gardiner appointed English Lord Chancellor
    1542 Rabbi Joseph Caro completes his commentary of Tur Code
    1541 French explorer Jacques Cartier lands near Quebec City in his third voyage to Canada
    1514 Battle of Chaldiran ended with a decisive victory for the Sultan Selim I, Ottoman Empire, over the Shah Ismail I, Safavids founder.
    1441 Holland & Hanzesteden sign cease fire treaty
    1328 King Philip VI of France, crowned
    1328 Battle at Kassel: French troops stop uprising of Flemish farmers
    1305 William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England.
    1046 King Henry III gives money to Utrecht Deventer diocese
    476 Odoacer proclaimed King of of Italy, 1st barbarian King of Italy
    406 Battle at Florence: Stilicho's Roman army beats Radagaisus' Barbarians
    79 Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on the feast day of Vulcan, the Roman god of fire.
    20 BCLudi Volcanalici are held within the temple precinct of Vulcan, and used by Augustus to mark the treaty with Parthia and the return of the legionary standards that had been lost at the Battle of Carrhae in 53 BC.
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