History's January 31
    1999 Super Bowl XXXIII: Denver Broncos beats Atlanta Falcons 34-19 at Pro Player Stadium, Miami, John Elway MVP
    1999 Seth MacFarlane's "Family Guy" first airs on Fox
    1999 87th Men's Australian Open: Yevgeny Kafelnikov beats Thomas Enqvist (4-6, 6-0, 6-3, 7-6)
    1999 15th Sundance Film Festival: "Three Seasons" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
    1999 87th Women's Australian Open: Martina Hingis beats Amelie Mauresmo (6-2, 6-3)
    1998 STS 89 (Endeavour 12) lands
    1996 50 people die and many more injured in a suicide bombing in Sri Lanka by separatist Tamil Tigers
    1995 President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
    1994 Barcelona opera theater "Gran Teatro del Liceo" burns down
    1994 Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36
    1993 81st Men's Australian Open: Jim Courier beats Stefan Edberg (6-2, 6-1, 2-6, 7-5)
    1993 Super Bowl XXVII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 52-17 in Pasadena Super Bowl MVP: Troy Aikman, Dallas, QB
    1993 81st Women's Australian Open: Monica Seles beats Steffi Graf (4-6, 6-3, 6-2)
    1993 "St Joan" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 49 performances
    1993 9th Sundance Film Festival: "Ruby in Paradise" and "Public Access" wins Grand Jury Prize Dramatic
    1992 MTA raised tolls on most NYC bridges from $2.50 to $3.00
    1991 Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude
    1991 Denver Nuggets Michael Adams becomes shortest NBAer to get a triple-double
    1990 1st ever all-sports daily "National" begins publishing
    1990 Jushin "Thunder" Liger beats Naoki Sano to become New Japan IWGP champ
    1990 The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.
    1990 1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world's biggest McDonalds
    1988 Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil
    1988 Super Bowl XXII: Wash Redskins beat Denver Broncos, 42-10 in San Diego Super Bowl MVP: Doug Williams, Washington, QB
    1987 United Steel workers union ratified a concessionary with USX Corp
    1987 44th Golden Globes: Platoon, Bob Hoskins, & Marlee Matlin win
    1986 Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart
    1985 "Harrigan 'n Hart" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances
    1985 South African President PW Botha offers to free Nelson Mandela if he denounces violence
    1984 Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network
    1984 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1984 36th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-6 at NJ
    1983 In an effort to reduce driving deaths, a new law in UK requires drivers and front-seat passengers to wear seatbelts
    1982 10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman
    1982 32nd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 120-118 at East Rutherford, New Jersey
    1982 US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
    1982 NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 16-13
    1982 Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Whirlpool Golf Championship of Deer Creek
    1982 Gustafson skates world record 10 km (14:26.59)
    1981 38th Golden Globes: Ordinary People, Robert De Niro, & Mary Tyler Moore win
    1981 "The Tide Is High" by Blondie hits #1
    1981 Gaetan Boucher skates world record 1000m (1:13.39)
    1980 Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41
    1978 "Elvis: The Legend Lives!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 101 performances
    1978 Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements
    1977 Frenchman Francois Claustre freed, after 33 months as hostage in Chad
    1977 Joe Sewell, Amos Rusie, & Al Lopez elected to baseball Hall of Fame
    1977 4th American Music Awards: Olivia Newton-John & Elton John win
    1976 "Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1
    1976 3rd American Music Awards: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win
    1976 Lance Gibbs becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308
    1975 UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship
    1975 John Lennon releases "#9 Dream"
    1975 Barry Manilow's "Mandy" goes gold
    1972 US launches HEOS A-2 for interplanetary observations (396/244,998)
    1972 British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling makes statement to the House of Commons on the events of 'Bloody Sunday' "The Army returned the fire directed at them with aimed shots and inflicted a number of casualties on those who were attacking them with firearms and with bombs"
    1972 Military coup ousts civilian government of Ghana
    1972 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev becomes 11th King of Nepal
    1972 Aretha Franklin sings at Mahalia Jackson's funeral
    1971 US male Figure Skating championship won by John Misha Petkevich
    1971 US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
    1971 Jake Beckley, Joe Kelley, Harry Hooper, Rube Marquard, Chick Hafey
    1971 Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands
    1971 & Dave Bancroft & George Weiss elected to baseball Hall of Fame
    1971 "My Sweet Lord" by George Harrison hits #1 on UK pop chart
    1970 Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges
    1969 Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA
    1968 Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32"), at Agata, USSR
    1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
    1968 Viet Cong Tet offensive begins
    1968 Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia
    1968 Bobby Simpson takes 5-59 v India in his last Test for ten years
    1966 USSR launches Luna 9 towards Moon
    1966 Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers
    1966 54th Men's Australian Championships: Roy Emerson beats Arthur Ashe (6-4, 6-8, 6-2, 6-3)
    1966 54th Women's Australian Championships: Margaret Court beats Nancy Richey
    1965 Pud Galvin elected to baseball Hall of Fame
    1964 US report "Smoking & Health" connects smoking to lung cancer
    1963 Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" & "Ruby Baby"
    1962 Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA
    1962 Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort "USS Falgout"
    1961 Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2
    1961 Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium
    1961 Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide
    1961 NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign
    1961 USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights
    1961 David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel
    1959 Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL
    1958 US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1
    1958 "Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host
    1958 James van Allen discovers radiation belt
    1957 Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet.
    1957 Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished
    1956 French government of Mollet forms
    1956 Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil
    1956 Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
    1955 RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer
    1955 43rd Women's Australian Championships: Beryl Penrose beats Thelma Coyne Long (6-4, 6-3)
    1955 43rd Men's Australian Championships: Ken Rosewall beats Lew Hoad (9-7, 6-4, 6-4)
    1953 "Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die
    1953 Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835
    1953 NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues
    1952 Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
    1952 Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries
    1951 39th Men's Australian Championships: Dick Savitt beats Ken McGregor (6-3, 2-6, 6-3, 6-1)
    1951 39th Women's Australian Championships: Nancye Wynne Bolton beats Thelma Coyne Long (6-1, 7-5)
    1950 US President Harry Truman publicly announces support for the development of a hydrogen bomb
    1949 1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago)
    1949 37th Men's Australian Championships: Frank Sedgman beats John Bromwich (6-3, 6-2, 6-2)
    1949 37th Women's Australian Championships: Doris Hart beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (6-3, 6-4)
    1948 Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway
    1948 J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY
    1946 Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic
    1945 Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
    1945 US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
    1944 U-592 sunk off Ireland
    1944 Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June
    1944 US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll
    1943 Chile breaks off relations with Germany & Japan
    1943 39 U-boats sunk this month (203,100 ton)
    1943 Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad
    1942 62 U-boats sunk this month (327,000 ton)
    1941 Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
    1941 21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton)
    1941 Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem, Netherlands
    1941 Layforce set sail.
    1940 40 U-boats sunk this month (111,000 ton)
    1940 C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children" premieres in NYC
    1938 31st Men's Australian Championships: Don Budge beats John Bromwich (6-4, 6-2, 6-1)
    1938 31st Women's Australian Championships: Dorothy Bundy Cheney beats Dorothy Stevenson (6-3, 6-2)
    1936 "Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit
    1934 FDR devalues US dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce
    1933 Hitler promises parliamentary democracy
    1933 French government of Daladier takes power
    1932 US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction
    1931 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joe Malone scores a record 7 goals
    1931 Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow" premieres in NYC
    1930 1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ
    1929 Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey
    1929 Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin
    1928 Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company
    1927 Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands
    1927 NL Pres John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants
    1925 Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola
    1925 18th Women's Australasian Championships: Daphne Akhurst beats Esna Boyd (1-6, 8-6, 6-4)
    1925 18th Men's Australasian Championships: James Anderson beats Gerald Patterson (11-9, 2-6, 6-2, 6-3)
    1920 Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game
    1920 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
    1920 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates
    1919 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising
    1918 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
    1917 Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship
    1917 Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement
    1916 Dutch Girl Guides form
    1915 1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians
    1911 Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site
    1906 Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter
    1905 Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA
    1905 1st automobile to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach
    1904 Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth" premieres
    1901 Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater
    1901 Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal
    1901 Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup
    1901 Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Emperor Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists
    1900 The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
    1895 Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba
    1893 "Westminster Gazette" begins publishing
    1891 The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto.
    1876 The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
    1874 Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
    1871 Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
    1867 Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
    1865 General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
    1865 Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
    1863 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
    1862 Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope
    1861 State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War)
    1861 Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod" premieres in Weimar
    1855 Western railroads blocked by snow
    1854 Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
    1851 Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk
    1851 SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded
    1849 Corn Laws abolished in Britain
    1846 After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
    1817 Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau" premieres in Vienna
    1814 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
    1804 British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
    1779 Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog
    1747 The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
    1696 Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam)
    1679 Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon" premieres in Paris
    1675 Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft
    1627 Spanish government goes bankrupt
    1609 Wisselbank of Amsterdam established
    1596 Catholic League disbanded
    1578 Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcame the Spanish
    1531 Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other
    1504 By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon
    876 Charles becomes king of Italy
    314 St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
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